Montessori method of teaching encourages students to use their senses to learn new things. Hence, you won’t find timesheets or flashcards! You’ll be surprised that children use and explore 9 senses as opposed to the widely-known 4 senses. This is easy for you to adapt in your home environment.
Visually, students are encouraged to differentiate between colour, form, and size. This is done by using ‘manipulatives’ - materials a child can interact with in different ways. For example, we use blocks of different materials such as wood or plastic in varying shapes and colours.
Stereognostics - where a child can figure out what something is without actually seeing, hearing, or smelling it. This encourages the use of other senses. This is done by exploring items in a non-transparent plastic bag or putting items known to a child in a cloth bag.
We also teach ‘tactile’ - exploring different textures such as scratchy or soft through touch and feel. This assists in building a child’s vocabulary.
Baric - a method where a child learns how to differentiate weights by using the same items of different weights. For instance: fruits and vegetables. This is easily incorporated into your home life, where your child can give you a hand in picking out the largest, or the heaviest fruit at your weekly grocery shopping!
Thermi - the sense of difference in temperature teaches them how to identify different temperatures in a controlled environment. This makes them aware and alert around items of high temperature even at home.
Olfactory - developing the sense of smell through matching, sorting, and classifying based on strength. This too assists with building a child’s vocabulary and enhances their description sense. You can develop this further at home, while you’re cooking or gardening.
‘Gustatory’ - developing the sense of taste by trying, matching, testing, and exploring different tastes, again, in a controlled environment. Needless to mention, this enhances their taste buds and encourages a diverse palate.
‘Chromatic’- the sense of differentiating colours helps children differentiate the saturation or the black and white content in a colour.