Individual vs Group
In a traditional school, children learn the same material at the same time regardless of the individual abilities and rate of learning of each child. However, in a Montessori, each child is given a lesson or an activity individually based on his ability. This helps the child move forward quickly in the areas that he excels and learn a subject that he finds difficult at his own pace.
Memorizing vs Inquisitiveness
In a Montessori, each child is encouraged to be inquisitive. This helps in learning of concepts behind academic skills. Montessori materials are self-correcting so they help children learn how to problem-solve on their own. In contrast, traditional schools encourage memorizing answers by using rote learning techniques like usage of math facts and flash cards which are not helpful in the long run.
Mixed age classroom
A teacher is not the primary focus in a Montessori classroom. The emphasis is on the child. Children usually learn a lot from their peers. This is the reason why a Montessori classroom is always mixed age. Older children, serve as role models, not only socially but also academically. Older children gain confidence when they see their younger peers learn something new from them. Meanwhile, the younger ones have the benefit of working with and learning from their older peers as well as the teacher.
Advantage of having the same teacher throughout the program
Thanks to the mixed age classroom concept, your child is nurtured by the same teacher for 3 years. This helps the teacher know your child inside out by having an in-depth knowledge of your child's academic, social and emotional strengths and challenges. This familiarity allows the teacher to tailor the learning process based on the child's needs.
A different approach to discipline
In a Montessori, children are engaged in work that interests them. They are naturally happier and less prone to distraction. Their engagement with Montessori materials in a nurturing environment fosters discipline. Whereas, in the case of traditional schools, the teacher is the one in control of discipline and importance is given to obedience over self-discipline.